Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador (which literally translates to the "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America,, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the GalÃ¡pagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620Â mi) west of the mainland.
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All nationalities will receive 90 days entry on arrival except visitors from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cuba, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal and Somalia. They will have to arrange a visa in advance.